Urinary incontinence – what is it exactly?

The International Continence Society (ICS) defines urinary incontinence as every involuntary leakage of urine, i.e., when it is not (always) possible for patients to control the time and place of urination. Furthermore, the ICS differentiates several forms as outlined below.

Urinary incontinence - prevention

Unfortunately, prevention or precautions are only possible in a few forms of urinary incontinence.

In the case of stress incontinence prevention can be achieved by strengthening the pelvic floor muscles and avoiding risk factors:

  • Avoidance of overweight (obesity) by a healthy diet and sport or other physical activities.
  • Avoidance of types of sport such as trampolining that can damage the pelvic floor muscles by constant or periodic pressure on them.
  • In smokers, stress incontinence can develop or worsen due to the constant dry cough of smoker’s bronchitis, so smoking should be given up.
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